Alice and Bob
Migrating from the current centralized paradigm to a fully decentralized model requires bridges to help users make the transition. This is why we have built the Alexandria desktop client and web client. They can work with either centralized, web-server-based gateways, or with locally hosted, fully decentralized daemons. Both options provide the same core functionality and share the same data layer. Both options have a variety of incentives and tradeoffs. Finally, a third, hybrid option, is available for some processes to employ Ethereum (or counterparty, etc) smart contracts.
The following is an overview of the ecosystem from the perspective of each user. Each function of Open Index Protocol has its own requirements, costs and incentives.
- 1 The Two Primary Parties:
- 2 Other kinds of Bobs:
- 3 Protocol Layer Service Providers:
- 4 Application Layer Service Providers:
- 5 Protocol and Application Layer Service Provider Backers
- 6 See also
The Two Primary Parties:
Alice: The Artist
Bob: The Bitcoin User
Bob is an enthusiastic user of Bitcoin and likes to check out new use cases. He sees the #bitcoin tag on Alice’s free film trailer. He watches and enjoys it so much that he sends her a $1 tip right away. Then he discovers the “comment for micropayment” button and learns, for a small fee, that he can leave a comment on the trailer that will stay with it forever. He wants to encourage Alice’s release of the full film, so for just a fraction of a penny he comments “Awesome, high quality streaming experience!”
Alice receives Bob’s tip and encouragement which is soon followed by more tips and encouragement, so she decides to publish an original song from the film’s soundtrack. Alice sets the price at one cent per play and one dollar to purchase. She sets the platformshare to 15% and the influencers share to 15%. She finds that because she is charging one dollar for the song, her cost to publish is also one dollar. She uses some of her recently received BTC to pay the publishing fee and her song is published with her specific pricing and distribution preferences.
Other kinds of Bobs:
Charlie: The Centralized Client User
Charlie likes convenience and technology, in that order. He hears that Alexandria is the new place to find high quality content like 4k video and lossless FLAC audio for less than half the price of other services and decides to check it out. He hasn't previously had a reason to use Bitcoin but he wants to listen to Alice’s soundtrack song so he quickly signs up for a Coinbase account and installs the Alexandria Everywhere chrome browser extension. Since Charlie’s priority is convenience, he sets his Coinbase account to auto-fill once a month like a subscription, and his browser extension preferences to auto-pay for content below the threshold of the price he sets. Now he is set for instant viewing and will not see paywalls.
Dan: The Decentralized Client User
Dan wants to use decentralized technology whenever possible - he runs a full node of the Bitcoin blockchain, the Ethereum blockchain and OIP's index blockchain, FLO. Dan values trust and privacy, so he became an Alexandria user because he can search and browse the Open Index as a database file on his own computer. No one can spy on his activity. He also appreciates that he can easily send tips and payments using privacy oriented tokens. It makes it especially easy for Dan because the system automatically exchanges his privacy oriented tokens for the payment token each artist asks to receive. Dan discovers Alice’s film trailer and finds that the playback quality isn’t smooth like it is for Alice and Charlie because he is accessing the content via a peer to peer network. He sees that he can offer up a token bounty to ask other users to help seed the file. He decides to do this and by spending only $.50 he gives the film trailer a strong base seeding level for a year. After a moment he reloads the film trailer and it instantly plays smoothly.
Edgar: The Ethereum Lite-client User
Edgar is an Ethereum fan and likes to use it whenever possible. He downloads Alexandria's Ethereum client which is as resource-light as Charlie’s centralized client, but he considers it to be more trustworthy because he can pay the Ethereum network for cryptographic evidence that the Index hasn’t been altered.
Protocol Layer Service Providers:
Paul: A Proof-of-Work Miner
Paul contributes Proof-of-Work to the blockchain where Alice’s content is published. As a blockchain miner, Paul is already familiar with the various exchanges and markets but he is always keeping an eye out for good “set-it-and-forget-it” solutions that will give him reliable revenues. He was testing OIP's auto-trading system, Morphie, because it offers an average margin of 15% over costs. When Alice needed tokens to publish her soundtrack song, Morphie auto traded the Bitcoin Alice was holding with tokens Paul had mined and was offering for sale. Not only did Paul's OIP mining experiment result in a 15% margin over his costs, but he received an additional bonus because he happened to mine the block in which Alice’s soundtrack song was published, so he also received the $1.00 publishing fee Alice paid. Paul deems the experiment a success and increases his hash rate.
Sam: A Storage and Distribution Miner
Sam contributes to Alexandria in the form of disk storage space and bandwidth. His work is responsible for getting the content to the audience. When Dan offered a token bounty to help Alice’s film trailer play smoothly, Sam received some of the tokens and became one of the new seeders.
Application Layer Service Providers:
Isabelle: An Influencer
Isabelle is an influencer - she loves sharing on social media and she has a large following. She sees a post from her college roommate, Alice, about how she is independently selling her movie on Alexandria and becomes curious about the new platform. She learns about the promoters program, sees that Alice is offering 15% to promoters and decides to give the program a try by sharing Alice’s film. Isabelle starts a social media campaign, and the stars align such that Isabelle's followers are the perfect fit for Alice’s film, wildly increasing demand for it.
ProtoTube: A Platform
ProtoTube is a recent startup with all kinds of buzz. Its founders chose to build their application on the Open Index Protocol. They were able to leverage their deep understanding of content suggestion algorithms to become a major competitor with Alexandria. ProtoTube's suggestion algorithm is used to put Alice’s film in front of a large group of users who purchase it, earning the company a 15% cut of Alice’s sales.
Victor: The Verifier
Victor runs a full node of FLO blockchain and watches the Ethereum network for verification requests. He then competes with other nodes in a gamification system to win payments for providing the requested verifications. Victor’s role provides Edgar a trustworthy but convenient lite-client experience.
Protocol and Application Layer Service Provider Backers
Mike: The Market Maker
Mike is a passionate follower of decentralized technology. He is willing to assume some limited risk in exchange for the opportunity to serve as a market maker in the OIP ecosystem.
As the OIP ecosystem is getting started, Mike the market maker serves as the bridge between the production of the tokens by miners Paul and Sam and the demand for the tokens from artists like Alice and users like Bob. Mike pays Paul and Sam a mutually agreed upon market determined daily rate to rent their mining efforts, and then he holds the earned tokens until there is demand for them. His incentive is a reliable margin.
When Isabelle’s influencer work makes Alice’s film go viral, other artists like Alice recognize an enormous opportunity and rush to publish their work to OIP. When the demand for publishing tokens outpaces the recently mined supply, Mike offers publishing tokens he purchased on the open market to meet this demand. After the tokens are sold, a script then arbitrages the money he received to replace the tokens. His risk is that he may not be able to arbitrage the tokens back, but if he is successful he will make an ongoing daily return.
- Protocol Description: The features, design philosophy and economic principals behind Open Index Protocol.
- Specification: The rules, variables, formulae and thresholds that make up Open Index Protocol.
- Message protocol: The JSON schema of various kinds of OIP messages and definitions of all terms used within them.
- Security Considerations: the questions, solutions & security considerations that have been analyzed.
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